Understand if your compound is an inhibitor of MAO-A or MAO-B enzyme.
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibition is a non-CYP mediated metabolism assay within our portfolio of in vitro ADME screening services. Cyprotex deliver consistent, high quality data with the flexibility to adapt protocols based on specific customer requirements.
Determining potential inhibition of MAO enzymes
Monoamine oxidases (MAO) are membrane-associated enzymes located specifically to the outer mitochondrial membrane. They are the major enzymes participating in the catabolism of monoamine neurotransmitters and related exogenous amines.
Two isoforms of MAO exist, MAO-A and MAO-B, which differ in their substrate specificity, inhibitor selectivity and tissue distribution.
Selective MAO-A inhibitors are useful in the therapy of depression and anxiety whereas MAO-B inhibitors are often used in the treatment of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases
Cyprotex’s MAO inhibition assay identifies if your compound is an inhibitor for either MAO-A or MAO-B.
In human brain the predominant form is MAO-B, expressed at highest levels in astrocytes and serotonergic neurons, while MAO-A is expressed at highest levels in catecholaminergic neurons.
1Hotamisligil GS and Breakefield XO (1991) Am J Hum Genet49(2); 383–392
100 μL of a 40 mM DMSO solution (or equivalent amount in solid)
Clorgyline MAO-A Selegiline MAO-B
IC50 Standard error of IC50 % Control at each concentration
Data from the monoamine oxidases inhibition assay
Figure 1 Inhibitory specificity demonstrated for MAO-A inhibitor clorgyline using MAO-A or MAO-B expressed enzyme and kynuarmine as the substrate.
Figure 2 Inter-assay reproducibility of MAO-B inhibition using specific MAO-B inhibitor selegiline and non-specific inhibitor tranylcypromine. Each inhibitor was investigated on three separate occasions using hMAO-B expressed enzyme and kynuramine as substrate. The error bars represent the standard error of the IC50 determination.
1 Hotamisligil GS and Breakefield XO (1991) Human monoamine oxidase A gene determines levels of enzyme activity. Am J Hum Genet49(2); 383–392
Learn more about drug metabolism in chapter 3 of our popular Everything you need to know about ADME guide.